Voici les articles du fascicule n°2 du tome CVII de la Revue Thomiste (publiés en 2007).
This bulletin presents some 40 recent publications about Islam
concerning the following themes : the history of Islamic thought and the « new
thinkers » of Islam, the Qu’ran, Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh), Jesus and Mary in
Islam, Muhammed, jihad, Christianity and Islam, Shiism, Sufism and the links
between Islam and the West.
Both the Old Testament and Judaism envisaged at a later date the
individual retribution of men depending on their conduct (as is seen in Daniel,
the Book of Enoch, the Book of Wisdom). This retribution is formally affirmed
in the Gospels and the rest of the New Testament, in connection with the mystery
of Jesus. Here is a study of the texts from the whole of Sacred Scripture
which speak of this individual retribution.
In order to realize his project of unifying in a logical system the
totality of the history of philosophy, Hegel thought he was obliged to posit
as first principle for metaphysics an argument of Gorgias in which Aristotle
saw a sophism: in effect, it consisted in concluding from the indeterminism
of the notion of being, considered in itself, the identity of being and its opposite,
nothing. However, Aristotle had shown that this consequence in no
way follows if the relative meaning of being (to be something) is not confused
with its absolute meaning (to exist). It is in order to simultaneously consider
both the distinction and the articulation of these two meanings that Thomas
Aquinas had recourse to the Aristotelian notion of act, in its opposition to
potency, though not without profoundly modifying the meaning of the theses
of Aristotle. Thomistic metaphysics was thus found demarcated from ulterior
idealisms, while also opening perspectives in the direction of a practical philosophy
of human liberty..
This bulletin presents a critical reading of some 25 publications
concerning St Thomas Aquinas between 2003 and 2007. They allow us to have
a clear idea of contemporary orientations of research into the major aspects of
St Thomas’ thought: the question of God and his relation to the world, the problem
of happiness and the foundations of morality with the central question of
the role of natural law. We point out several recent translations in English or
French of the works of St Thomas as well as various pieces which shine a light on
the history of thomism.