This study follows an earlier article entitled “Innascibility and
Relations of the Father, under the Sign of his Primacy, in the Trinitarian
Theology of Bonaventure” (RT 106 , p. 531-563). The articulation
between procession and relation is more subtle with Thomas than with
Bonaventure, because Aquinas succeeds in avoiding a univocal solution.
Where the Franciscan master opted for a subordination of relation in regards
to emanation, the Dominican gives a priority to relation inasmuch as it subsists,
all the while emphasizing that relation inasmuch as relationship is very
much based on procession. This speculative tour de force culminates in an
original theology of the Father, taken from the dominant model of emanation.
This being the case, the Father is no longer characterized as having priority
simply because of his primacy or his innascibility, but through his constitutive
relation to the Son. According to this relational conception of the person
of the Father, the generation of the Son and the procession of the Spirit adequately
express the fecundity and plenitude of their paternal origin.
Fr. Emmanuel Durand, du couvent des dominicains de Lille, né en 1972, enseigne la théologie dogmatique au Theologicum de l’Institut catholique de Paris et au Centre d’études des dominicains de la Province de France. Il a récemment publié : Le Père, Alpha et Oméga de la vie trinitaire («Cogitatio fidei, 267», Paris, Cerf, 2008).
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